Western Sydney Parklands

Toolijooa manages the priority conservation sites within the current Western Sydney Parklands - one of the biggest urban parklands in the world. Remnant vegetation communities within the Parklands include:

Cumberland Plain Woodland (Shale Plains Woodland, Shale Hills Woodland),
Sydney Coastal River Flat Forest (Alluvial Woodland),
Cooks River/Castlereagh Ironbark Forest,
Western Sydney Dry Rainforest,
Moist Shale Woodland,
Castlereagh Swamp Woodland,
Shale Gravel Transition Forest.

All these communities are listed as Endangered Ecological Communities under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. The Parklands also contain numerous areas of distinct constituent vegetation communities such as Themeda australis grasslands and Spotted Gum Eucalyptus maculata Forest.

A number of Vulnerable and Endangered flora and fauna species occur within the Parklands, including:

Acacia pubescens Downy Wattle (Vulnerable)
Cynanchum elegans White-flowered Wax Plant (Endangered)
Dillwynia tenuifolia (Vulnerable)
Grevillea juniperina subsp. juniperina Juniper-leaved Grevillea (Vulnerable)
Persoonia nutans Nodding Geebung (Endangered)
Pimelea spicata Spiked Rice-flower (Endangered)
Marsdenia longiloba Slender Marsdenia (Endangered)

Burhinus grallarius Bush Stone-curlew (Endangered)
Falsistrellus tasmaniensis Eastern False Pipistrelle (Vulnerable)
Lathamus discolor Swift Parrot (Endangered)
Litoria aurea Green and Golden Bell Frog (Endangered)
Meridolum corneovirens Cumberland Land Snail (Endangered)
Miniopterus schreibersii oceanensis Eastern Bentwing-bat (Vulnerable)
Mormopterus norfolkensis Eastern Freetail-bat (Vulnerable)
Myotis macropus Large-footed Myotis (Vulnerable)
Phascolarctos cinereus Koala (Vulnerable)
Pteropus poliocephalus Grey-headed Flying Fox (Vulnerable)
Pyrrholaemus saggitatus Speckled Warbler (Vulnerable)
Scoteanax rueppellii Greater Broad-nosed Bat (Vulnerable)

Initial works are focussing upon primary removal of dense woody weed infestations in and around priority conservation sites, in particular, those containing populations of threatened plant species. Our crews are also marking, recording and reporting previously unrecorded threatened species populations discovered during the course of their field works.

Current target weed species include:
Cestrum parqui Green Cestrum,
Grevillea robusta Silky Oak,
Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata African Olive,
Lantana camara Lantana,
Ligustrum lucidum Large-leaved Privet,
Ligustrum sinense Small-leaved Privet,
Lycium ferocissimum African Boxthorn,
Phoenix canariensis Phoenix Palm,
Solanum pseudocapsiucum Madeira Winter
Toxicodendron succedaneum Rhus Tree.

Future primary works will target a number of other noxious weed species, in particular:
Agave americana Agave,
Anredera cordifolia Madeira Vine,
Araujia sericifera Moth Vine,
Asparagus aethiopicus Asparagus Fern,
Asparagus asparagoides Bridal Creeper,
Bryophyllum delagoense Mother-of-Millions,
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Balloon Vine,
Chloris gayana Rhodes Grass,
Eragrostis curvula African Love Grass
Hyparrhenia hirta Coolatai Grass,
Juncus acutus Sharp Rush,
Opuntia stricta Prickly Pear,
Rubus sp. Blackberry.

Intensive control of common herbaceous weed species is also being undertaken in around populations of threatened species.

We are also carrying out a number of large strategic provenance species plantings and direct seeding projects throughout the Parklands reserve in order to enhance the biodiversity values of the current remnant vegetation patches.

Further works that Toolijooa are undertaking include removal of old fencing and new fence construction for exclusion of cattle and illegal dumping and soil rehabilitation works in heavily compacted regeneration areas. It is also hoped that fire will be used as part of the ongoing future ecological management of the reserve.